CATTLE FARMING 4.0 : DEVELOPMENT OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR THROUGH E-AGRIOVEST (DIGITAL BASED INVESTMENT) TO ACCELERATE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN EAST JAVA

  • Julita Hasanah Sosio Economic Postgraduate Student of Bogor Agricuctural University
  • Dian Puspasari Ina Ayati Sosio Economic Graduate Student of Jember University
  • Dimas Brillian Syaban Pramana Sosio Economic Graduate Student of Jember University
Keywords: Economic Development, Investment, Cattle Farming

Abstract

East Java had the second highest contribution to National GDP 2017 after Jakarta with a value of 14.61%. Economic growth in East Java was supported by the agricultural sector (13%), while the livestock contributed 20.24% to the East Java agricultural sector. East Java had 20.89% of the national beef cattle population, but beef production was still relatively moderate (23.17%), because East Java farms were dominated by Conventional Farming. East Java beef production didn’t balance national beef consumption which had increased by 4.66%. It was the main cause of fluctuations and volatility in beef prices. The fundamental issue of beef issues in East Java needed to be resolved through the industrial revolution 4.0. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of conventional farming, to arrange the e-agriovest system, and to know the contribution of e-agriovest system to East Java’s GDP. This research was conducted in Jember as a sample area. The study used survey methods and descriptive analytics. Based on the results of research on characteristics of conventional farming, among others (1) the number of small livestock (1-3 tail) (56.67%), (2) the sales period as needed (60%), (3) still using forage feed (100%) , (5) saving livestock function (46.66%) and sales system through blantik (66.67%). Based on East Java livestock data in 2008-2017, the contribution of livestock in East Java had a high potential to be developed in terms of population, production, demand, domestic beef prices, imported beef prices, and GDP. e-agriovest can be simulated to increase beef production by 20%. The existence of e-agriovest had a positive impact on East Java GRDP with a value increase of 2.83%. e-agriovest system is an appropriate implementation strategy in developing the livestock subsector in order to accelerate the acceleration of East Java's economic growth both economically, socially and environmentally.

JEL : O4,E2,Q1

References

Agung, P. P., Ridwan, M., Handrie, H., Indriawati, I., Saputra, F., Supraptono, S., & Erinaldi, E. (2014). Profil morfologi dan pendugaan jarak genetik sapi Simmental hasil persilangan. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak Dan Veteriner, 19(2). https://doi.org/10.14334/jitv.v19i2.1039

Anantanyu, S. (2011). Kelembagaan Petani: Peran dan Strategi Pengembangan Kapasitasnya

Sapja Anantanyu Staf Pengajar Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian UNS. Pebruari, 7(2).

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2014). Statistik Indonesia 2014. Jakarta: Badan Pusat Statistik.

Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Timur. (2017). Provinsi Jawa Timur Dalam Angka 2017. Surabaya : Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Timur.24

Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Timur. (2018). Provinsi Jawa Timur Dalam Angka 2018. Surabaya: Badan Pusat Statistik Jawa Timur.

Bank Indonesia. (2018). Kajian Ekonomi dan Keuangan Regional Provinsi Jawa Timur. Surabaya: Bank Indonesia Provinsi Jawa Timur.

Eriyatno. (1999). Ilmu Sistem : Meningkatkan Mutu dan Efektivitas Manajemen. Bogor : IPB Press.

Gulo W. (2004). Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Widiasarana Indonesia.

Handayani, S., Fariyanti, A., & Nurmalina, R. (2016). Swasembada Daging Sapi Analisis Simulasi Ramalan Swasembada Daging Sapi Di Indonesia. Sosiohumaniora, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v18i1.9358

Hardiyanto R.,Wahyono D.E., Anom C., Suyamto,Kartono G, & Soemasono S.R. (2002). Strategi Beternak Sapi Potong. Jakarta.

Hermanto, F. (1996). Ilmu usahatani. Jakarta: Penebar Swadaya.

Hudang K. A. (2016). Perencanaan Pengembangan Subsektor Peternakan Dalam Upaya Peningkatan Perekonomian Di Kabupaten Sumba Timur. Jurnal Riset Ekonomi Dan Manajemen, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.17970/jrem.16.1602012.id

Kuncoro M. (2004). Otonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah: Reformasi, Perencanaan, Strategi dan Peluang. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Kusriatmi. (2014). Dampak Kebijakan Swasembada Daging Sapi Terhadap Kinerja Ekonomi Subsektor Peternakan di Indonesia [Disertasi]. Bogor: Sekolah Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Lin, J.Y., & Liu, Z. (2000). Fiscal Decentralization and Economic Growth in China. Economic Development and Cultural Change. 49(1) : 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1086/452488

Marsh, J.M. (1994). Estimating lntertemporal Supply Response in The Fed Beef Market. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 71 (August 1994): 444-453.

Nazir M. (2009). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Penerbit Ghalia Indonesia.

Nuhung I A. (2015). Kinerja, Kendala, Dan Strategi Pencapaian Swasembada Daging Sapi. Jurnal Forum Penelitian Agroekonomi. 33(1) : 63-80. https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v33n1.2015.63-80

Paulson N.D., Katchova, A.L., & Lence, S.H.(2010). An Empirical Analysis of the Determinants of Marketing Contract Structures for Corn and Soybeans. Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization. 8(1) : 53-75. https://doi.org/10.2202/1542-0485.1282

Priyono H. (2017). Dinamika Produksi Daging Sapi di Pulau Jawa melalui Pendekatan Ekonometrik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Dalam Rangka Seminar Nasional Teknologi Peternakan dan Veteriner, Bogor.

Satya V. (2018). Strategi Indonesia Menghadapi Industri 4.0. Jurnal Info Singkat. 10(9): 19-24.

Simatupang, P., Jamal, E., & Togatorop, M.H. (2016). Sistem Gaduhan Sapi Tradisional Bali: Faktor Pendorong, Penopang dan Karakteristiknya. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi. 12(2) : 50-55. https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v12n2.1994.50-5525

Siregar, M., & Ilham, N. (2016). Upaya Peningkatan Efisiensi Usaha Ternak Ditinjau Dari Aspek Agribisnis Yang Berdaya Saing. Forum Penelitian Agro Ekonomi. 21(1) : 57-66. https://doi.org/10.21082/fae.v21n1.2003.57-66

Suhariyono, A.K. (2013). Analisis Struktur Perekonomian dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Provinsi Banten Melalui Pendekatan LQ, Shift share [Skripsi]. Semarang: Universitas Negeri Semarang.

Sutopo H.B. (2006). Metodologi Penelitian kualitatif, Dasar teori dan Terapan dalam Penelitian. Surakarta: UNS Press.

Suwandi. (2015). Desentralisasi Fiskal dan Dampaknya Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Penyerapan Tenaga Kerja, Kemiskinan, dan Kesejahteraan di Kabupaten/Kota Induk Provinsi Papua. Yogyakarta: Deepublish.

Yusdja Y & Ilham N. (2004). Tinjauan Kebijakan Pengembangan Agribisnis Sapi Potong. Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian. 2(2) : 183-203.

Zainuddin A (2015). Integrasi Pasar dan Respon Penawaran Daging Sapi Di Indonesia. Thesis. Bogor: Program Pascasarjana Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Published
2019-03-30
How to Cite
Julita Hasanah, Dian Puspasari Ina Ayati, & Dimas Brillian Syaban Pramana. (2019). CATTLE FARMING 4.0 : DEVELOPMENT OF LIVESTOCK SECTOR THROUGH E-AGRIOVEST (DIGITAL BASED INVESTMENT) TO ACCELERATE ECONOMIC GROWTH IN EAST JAVA. East Java Economic Journal, 3(1), 1-25. https://doi.org/10.53572/ejavec.v3i1.25
Section
Articles